It might only cover about half a square kilometre, but the Vatican looks every inch a religious superpower. Its holy buildings are monumental in scale and its lavishly-decorated halls house some of the world’s most celebrated artworks. Follow our day-long tour to make sure you don’t miss out on any of its spectacular highlights.
Morning at the Vatican Museums
Start early at the Vatican Museums. This colossal museum complex occupies the 5.5-hectare Palazzo Apostolico Vaticano and contains one of the world’s greatest art collections, culminating in the Michelangelo-decorated Sistine Chapel. There are kilometres of galleries to explore, with everything from Egyptian mummies and Etruscan bronzes to classical sculptures, cartographic tapestries and Renaissance canvases. The Stanze di Rafaello (Raphael Rooms) will stop you in your tracks as you pause to marvel at the Renaissance maestro’s amazingly detailed frescoes.
Gaze heavenwards in the Sistine Chapel
The Vatican Museums’ star attraction, the Sistine Chapel boasts two of the world’s greatest masterpieces: Michelangelo’s ceiling frescoes (1508-1512) and his Giudizio Universale (Last Judgment; 1535–1541). For the best views of the ceiling design, which covers 800 square metres and depicts episodes from the Old Testament, cross to the chapel’s main entrance in the east wall (opposite the visitor entrance).
Lunch break: divine pizza
There are plenty of eateries near the Vatican Museums but most are overpriced tourist traps. For a taste of heavenly pizza al taglio (pizza by the slice) search out Pizzarium, a short walk to the west of the Vatican. Alternatively, head northeast to Romeo where you can keep it simple with a slice of pizza, or push the boat out and lunch on fashionable modern fare at the chic, contemporary restaurant.
Feel the embrace of St Peter’s Square
Refuelled and ready to go, wander down to St Peter’s Square. The Vatican’s great focal space, this keyhole-shaped piazza is enclosed by two vast colonnades, designed by baroque master Gian Lorenzo Bernini to represent ‘the motherly arms of the church’. You’ll probably have some time to admire the rows of Doric columns as you queue for the St Peter’s Basilica security checks.
Hallowed art in St Peter’s Basilica
Entering St Peter’s Basilica for the first time is an unforgettable experience. The size and opulence of the cavernous 187m-long interior are breathtaking to behold, and wherever you look your gaze falls on yet another priceless masterpiece. One of the basilica’s most celebrated works is Michelangelo’s Pietà, a moving sculpture of the Madonna cradling her lost son near the main entrance.
Beneath the main basilica, and accessible by a door in the Pier of St Andrew, are the Vatican Grottoes, where you can see several papal tombs and columns from the original 4th-century basilica.
Note that strict dress codes are enforced for entry to the basilica, so no shorts, miniskirts or bare shoulders.
Climb St Peter’s Dome for breathtaking views
Save one last gasp for Michelangelo’s greatest architectural achievement: the dome, reached by a side door to the right of the basilica’s main entrance, a creaky elevator ride, and a 320-step climb up a narrow, winding staircase. Emerge to soul-stirring panoramas of Rome’s rooftops awash in rose-gold light.
Reflect over a quiet drink
Recover from the Vatican’s sensory overload with a well-deserved drink. In the atmospheric Borgo neighbourhood, just off Via di Porta Angelica (the road between Piazza del Risorgimento and St Peter’s Square), Makasar is a tranquil retreat, offering teas and a selection of Italian wines. Alternatively, drop into Passaguai, a cosy basement wine bar that serves regional wines, craft beers and platters of cheese and charcuterie fit for a cardinal.